Spending frenzy at England's Premier League transfer window

Fred of Brazil's Under-23 team celebrates

Top premiership clubs have splashed the cash in the January transfer window, desperate to qualify for the top four, which guarantees entry into the lucrative Champions League.

The transfer window has drawn to a close with Premier League teams busy preparing their new additions for debuts - and assessing some big losses in January.

The pressure to secure potentially decisive deals at both ends of the table has never been greater and deadline day expenditure by Premier League clubs of £150 million is also a new January window record.

Bournemouth were the only club not to spend a penny on additions this month, with the other 19 spending a combined £430m - nearly double the previous record of £225m.

Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang joined Arsenal from Borussia Dortmund for a club-record fee of around £56 million on Wednesday's concluding day of business, with Olivier Giroud moving to Chelsea as part of a complicated transfer jigsaw.

Deloitte reported a total of R30 billion [€2 billion] was spent by England's top-tier club's over the last two transfer windows which has firmly highlighted the financial muscle the Premier League has gained over the rest of Europe's leagues during the modern era.

But many clubs actually made a profit this season.

"International trade has flourished, with the highest ever January gross overseas outlay in Premier League history at £260m and the highest amount of January receipts from abroad at £185m, with names such as Coutinho and Costa leaving the United Kingdom and Laporte and Aubameyang arriving from abroad". Manchester City had been heavily linked with Sanchez, but switched their attention to a move for Leicester's Riyad Mahrez, which they walked away from on deadline day, 24 hours after paying £57m to make defender Aymeric Laporte their club record signing.

The Premier League was also the highest-spending league in European football during January ahead of La Liga (£250m/€285m), Bundesliga (£65m/€75m), Ligue 1 (£50m/€55m) and Serie A (£20m/€25m).

Recent January windows have seen the Premier League's bottom six clubs contribute the majority of gross expenditure, as they invest in an attempt to ensure survival.

But which teams had the biggest net spend in the top flight during the window?

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