Gravitational waves detection picks up Nobel Prize in Physics

Rainer Weiss of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge.   

  Ken Richardson

They are Barry Barish and Kip Thorne of Caltech and Rainer Weiss of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

First theorised by Einstein a hundred years ago, gravitational waves are ripples in the very fabric of space and time itself caused by unimaginably powerful cosmic events. "A wealth of discoveries awaits those who succeed in capturing the waves and interpreting their message", the Nobel Prize Committee wrote in a press release about the winner's findings.

The trio was awarded for their work in the field of gravitation; they discovered ripples in space-time which are observed as gravitational waves which were anticipated by Albert Einstein nearly a century ago.

LIGO was originally proposed in the 1980s as a means for detecting gravitational waves. When this discovery was made public a few months later then it was a furor amongst the scientist community and local people.

LIGO is a vast complex based out in the United States that uses two vast laser interferometers to detect what are quite simply ripples in space and time.

The three were key to the first observation of gravitational waves in September 2015. "Scientists stressed the Nobel prize would give impetus to LIGO India project".

"These gravitational waves will be powerful ways for the human race to explore the universe", said Thorne, speaking by phone from California.

It has been awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Science, Stockholm, Sweden.

Married to a film producer, he heavily consulted on the film Interstellar, and his own calculations helped the special effects team create realistic visuals of black holes. This remarkable experiment has detected gravitational waves and confirmed that they came from colliding black holes far away from the earth.

Nobel Prize was first awarded in 1901 for achievements in science, literature and peace, in accordance to the will left by Swedish business tycoon Alfred Nobel who had bequeathed much of the fortune he generated from his discovery of dynamite.

Albert Einstein theorized the world was shaped by gravitational waves, and thanks to LIGO researchers, we now have physical proof.

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