United Nations member countries approve global nuclear treaty

European and US bishops call for elimination of nuclear weapons globally

The UK, US and France will never become party to the treaty, which provides for a total ban on nuclear weapons, adopted at an global conference at the United Nations headquarters, the three countries said in a joint statement released on Friday at the United Nations headquarters.

It was adopted with 122 votes in favor, one against and one abstention.

All humanity expects that nuclear-armed States join the treaty "sooner than later", but "I have no dates", she said. "The indiscriminate and disproportionate nature of nuclear weapons, compel the world to move beyond nuclear deterrence", the declaration reads.

"The world has been waiting for this legal norm for 70 years,"said Whyte Gomez, referring to the nuclear bombs the US dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 during World War II".

Ms Whyte Gomez said 129 countries signed up to take part in drafting the treaty, which represents two-thirds of the 193 member states. "This is a very clear statement that the worldwide community wants to move to a completely different security paradigm that does not include nuclear weapons". Tragically, human error or miscalculation could lead to a humanitarian catastrophe", the Bishops said in a joint declaration, titled "Nuclear Disarmament: "Seeking Human Security", on Thursday (6 July).

In a recent interview, the newly appointed High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, Izumi Nakamitsu, told UN News that "nuclear-weapon States and some of their allies are not able to join the negotiations at the moment, but hopefully a treaty will be something they will be able to join eventually". "It will do the exact opposite by creating even more divisions at a time when the world needs to remain united in the face of growing threats".

This ban treaty which stands independently of the NPT treaty, as there is no need to be a signatory of the latter in order to participate in the former, fits nicely in the legal gap described in the above article because if prohibiting nuclear weapons isn't an effective measure, then nothing is.

That pact sought to prevent the spread of atomic arms beyond the five original weapons powers - the US, Russia, Britain, France and China.

Loud applause and cheers broke out in a United Nations conference hall following the vote that capped three weeks of negotiations on the text providing for a total ban on developing, stockpiling or threatening to use nuclear weapons.

The Netherlands deputy United Nations ambassador Lise Gregoire-Van-Haaren told delegates her country couldn't vote for a treaty that went against its NATO obligations, had inadequate verification provisions or that undermined the NPT - and "this draft does not meet our criteria".

Still, the treaty serves as a symbolic and legal marker against using nuclear weapons in worldwide warfare, Elayne Whyte Gomez, Costa Rica's ambassador to the United Nations and president of the conference that negotiated the ban told reporters Thursday.

"Each State Party undertakes never under any circumstances to..." "Is there anyone who thinks that North Korea would ban nuclear weapons?"

Other countries that voted in favor include Sweden, Switzerland, Austria, Brazil, South Africa, Egypt, Iraq, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia and the Philippines.

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