White or whole wheat bread? Healthiness of bread depends on you

Bread. White Bread Whole Wheat Bread

Some people prefer brown bread as a substitute for white bread as it seems to be a healthier option.

Don't confuse multi-grain and whole wheat with whole grain either. Just because something is low in its calorie content does not mean that it's healthy.

The participants were monitored before, during and after the study to determine the health effects of their bread consumption.

After a closer look at the test results, however, the researchers found evidence that the data had obscured a more detailed result: half the participants responded more favorably to white bread, while the other half had responded better to wheat. Eleven were female, the researchers said. The bread consumption ratio is highest in the United Kingdom where daily bread consumption is 12 million loaves per day and three-quarter of the bread consumed is white bread.

Prior to the study, the volunteers ate an average amount of bread - amounting to around 10% of their daily calories.

One spent a week eating processed white bread, while the rest ate whole-wheat sourdough. The diets of the two groups were when switched. Half the time, they were allowed butter on their bread. They couldn't eat the night before and they also had to abstain from food for about two hours after eating bread. By sampling each participant's gut bacteria, Elinav and his team of researchers could "predict which type of bread" could trigger a higher glycemic response. However, a new study found no overall benefit at the community level of one type of bread over another. "The initial finding, and this was very much contrary to our expectation, was that there were no clinically significant differences between the effects of these two types of bread on any of the parameters that we measured", said Professor Eran Segal, senior author of the study, reported The Sun.

The authors acknowledge the diets used for the study were unrealistic.

Gut microbiome analysis revealed different effects between the two types of bread in two types of bacteria - Coprobacter fastidiosus and Lachnospiraceae bacterium 3_1_46FAA.

"These findings could lead to a more rational approach for telling people which foods are a better fit for them, based on their microbiomes", said Dr Elinav.

Whole grains contain dietary fibre, B vitamins, iron, magnesium, and zinc and are therefore considered "healthy, " but they are removed in the milling process of refined flour. "This small, short-term study does not offer a free pass to eating tons of highly processed white bread, Epidemiological research has shown that people who eat more whole grains, such as whole grain breads, crackers, cereals, brown rice and quinoa, have a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, inflammation, obesity and certain cancers" said Heller, a senior clinical nutritionist from New York University Langone Medical Center.

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